In this mini-tutorial, I will make a carabiner (“mosquetón faenero”) in 2mm galvanized wire.
I use to do this in coat hanger wire, since it has a good degree of hardness and resistance, but is good to “practice” using other low grade wire. This way, our hands will recall movements, and the final product will be better.
This is an exercise, a practice, not the final product! You should use TIG wire or stainless steel wire!!!
I use the following tools:
Pliers – Wire cutters – Needlenose pliers – awl – 50cm piece of wire
Eye protection mandatory!
And an small bench vise:
Start bending the wire in half, using the needlenose pliers, forming an elongated U shape:
Straight and fix any kinks, so the U shape is about two times the diameter of the wire:
Take about 8cm and bend one piece about 90 degrees:
Hold the U in the vise:
Using the bent wire, make a twist around the other, very tight:
Mkae some turns and cut using wire cutters:
I made about 5 turns, but you can make as many as you want:
Using regular pliers, tight this “spring” as hard as you can:
Tight and tidy:
You will got an elongated eyelet:
Fix any bents and kinks in the vise:
Hold both wire and awl in the vise at 90 degrees:
Not so tight to damage the wire:
Make one or two turns, depending on material, over the awl:
Fix any bents and kinks:
Hold the tip of the eyelent in the vise:
Bend it 90 degrees:
You should have now something like this:
Using the pliers, make another 90 degree bend:
Almost! Another one:
And now we have some sort of hook:
Now take your time to fix any unwanted bends and kinks. The next few steps are more relaxed, but the quality of the carabiner will depend on previous steps.
Close the gap from the wire to the eyelet using your thumb:
And make a 90 degree bend a few milimiters above the eyelet. This way it hold better any load:
Cut excess with the wire cutter, so you can put the bent wire inside the eyelet:
And here we are:
Using your hand, apply pressure until the carabiner close like this:
Fix any bends and straight it up:
Using pliers, from inside the carabiner, make another 90 degree bend:
We are getting close:
Fix any unwanted kinks:
Now, one other turn:
This way the wire gets parallel to the top of the carabiner:
Fix as necesary:
Mark the excess wire using wire cutters:
Now cut a few millimeters before the mark:
You can make this shorter, longer, depending on taste, wire diameter and hardness:
You can polish this using steel wool:
Here on my Victorinox Huntsman:
This are many steps, I recommend to practice with some scrap wire!
Thank you for getting so far!